The article raises the question of the relationship between the source of origin of the feedstock for the production of medicines and preferences or restrictions in patients in their application based on their ethnocultural and religious traditions. This is a relatively independent, relevant and practically important topic for consideration in the framework of social pharmacy, studying medicines in a broader perspective (political, ethical, social, etc. aspects). In accordance with this approach, as well as in the context of the implementation of the “Agreement on Cooperation between the Ministry of Health of Russia and Russian Orthodox Church” the Federal Law “On biomedical cell products” was discussed. Based on the review of the Law and the “Social Concept of the Russian Orthodox Church” the conclusion was made about the moral acceptability of the Orthodox consciousness of biomedical cellular products usage, the raw material for which are the cells, tissues and organs taken from living and dead people (donors).