All Posts in Category: Medical Herald №003-2011

Behavioral change and brain function in rats under the influence of some forms of stress and possibility of restoring the lost functions with the help of pharmaceutical products “semax”

We studied behavioral change in rats under the influence of some forms of stress, which allowed us to conclude that psycho- emotional status of animals. The possibility of restoring the lost functions with the help of pharmaceutical products “Semax.” We analysed the physiological mechanisms underlying these changes.

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Meat efficiency and resistance of pigs depending on a genotype

The data on studying of meat efficiency and resistance of pigs of different genotypes are shown in this article. It has been established, that meat signs (length of the hulk, a thickness of the salted pork fat, the area of a muscular eye, the maintenance of a protein and essential amino acids in a muscular fabric) at mongrel pigs are better, than those ones among at the thoroughbred pigs. Mongrel pigs had more intensive metabolism, judging by quantity of erythrocytes, haemoglobin and serum protein and higher indexes of nonspecific protection of an organism. This has defined their higher safety.

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Professional neyrosensornoy defective hearing among workers of “gazprom trans-gas samara”

The information about the sickness rate of workers [LPU] “Gazprom trans-gas Samara” with neurosensory loss of hearing is given in the article. Disease strikes specialists, most subjected to the influence of noise – metal craftsmen, operators and the machinists of gas-distributing station. The characteristics of reduction in the rumor, the associated diseases, the periods of the development of neurosensory loss of hearing are studied, and the preventive measures are given for such workers.

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Principles of organization and development techniques in security department of drug and pharmacological surveillance in samara region

Significant progress in various fields of medicine, achieved in recent years, largely due to the introduction into medical practice new high-performance drugs. However, more alarming is increasingly appearing reports about complications of drug therapy. However, a doctor can not function without medication today. Practical application of new drugs can significantly prolong patients’ lives and ensure the quality of their lives.

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The influence of the length of dialysis treatment on red blood system and hemostasis system among patients suffering from chronic kidney failure before and after kidney transplantation

The article is devoted to the condition of the hemostasis system and also to the findings of the “red blood” among patients suffering from chronic kidney failure with the length of dialysis treatment from 5 years and more and among patients in early postoperative period after kidney transplantation. It was revealed that patients who were on a long substitutive renal therapy (long-term haemodialysis) often had anemia syndrome. These patients were likely to have DIC syndrome (disseminated intravascular coagulation) as a result of anemia.

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Use of genotype® mtbdrsl assay in the diagnosis of drug resistant tuberculosis in samara oblast

GenoType® MTBDRsl assay (Hain Lifescience, GmbH, Nehren, Germany) was used for detection of mutations associated with resistance to fluoroquinolones on M. tuberculosis cultures isolated from MDR-TB patients in Samara Oblast. Results were evaluated against those obtained using standard drug susceptibility testing on liquid media. Test sensitivity and specificity were high (82.6% and 100.0% respectively) demonstrating test feasibility in high TB-burden areas with high rates of drug resistance.

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