All Posts in Category: Medical Herald №021-2016

Application of cone-bean computed tomography (cbct) as a method of the lifetime craniometry in integrative anthropology

The article substantiates the effectiveness of application of cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) in the integrative anthropology for the lifetime craniometrical study of head in different planes. The proposed additional craniometrical points increase information content and availability of measurements of skull structures (para nasal sinuses, orbits, the pituitary fossa, nasal cavity) on a living human.

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Structural and functional characteristics of sertoli cells focal option syndrome (immunohistochemical aspect)

Total Sertoli cell syndrome (SCO-syndrome) is often confused with focal signs of major manifestations of this syndrome, that are masking as its symptoms. SCO-syndrome is marked by the damage of the seminiferous tubules, threatening the normal functioning of Sertoli cells, but it is still possible to get a single sperm using advanced
reproductive technologies. Here, perhaps, we are talking about a new phenotype of SCO-syndrome, in which the normal histarchitectonics of the seminiferous tubule is marked by the complete absence of germ cells, but the presence of mature Sertoli cells and normal Leydig cells in peritubular space. The second subtype: Sertoli cells and isolated
spermatogonia are detected in the normally structured seminiferous tubules. In addition, it is important to study the synthetic and trophic function of Sertoli cells. Sertoli cells are immunonegative for prepubertal differentiation markers: Cytokeratin-18, Anti-Müllerian hormone and M2A-antigen, but show positive marking for connexin protein, vimentin and partially for smooth muscle actin. The complete absence of germ cells combined with a fully differentiated mature Sertoli cells in this case contradicts the known subtypes of SCO-syndrome and there is a hypothesis about the mutual regulation between the Sertoli cells and differentiating germ cells.

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Laboratory information systems as a separate class of laboratory medicine complex software systems

Laboratory Information systems are specialized software for solving important problems of modern laboratory medicine. However, the commercialization of medical laboratory services necessitates the development of new ITproducts, acting as a link between laboratory and medical information systems. In this paper the author describes a new IT-program “Information system for clinical diagnostic laboratory administrator” developed by himself. The main functional task of the new information system is to facilitate the work of contemporary medical laboratories with a large flow of information arising in consequence of active work in the retail sales of medical laboratory services sector.

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The strategy of professionalization of students of medical college

The article is devoted to the problem of forming the strategy of professionalization of students of medical college. The author examines the strategy of professionalization as a way of professional self-development formed by educational institutions as a secondary agent of socialization. Modern professional development of nurses is connected with the expansion and complication of the social role, requiring professional variable strategy. Quantitative sociological research based on the results of questioning of students of the medical college allowed to reveal specific professionalization strategies. Among students of the medical college the situational choice of profession prevails, based on insurmountable barriers to more attractive professional groups. Career strategies are inefficient and are characterized by: 1) low awareness of possible career positions, 2) irrational strategy of self-development, and 3) lack of serious time and resource costs to develop one’s human capital assets.

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Revising the effectiveness of prenatal smoking cessation program

The article presents some results of the prenatal smoking cessation program among pregnant women with nicotine dependence in Slobozia.
Material and methods. The study of the dynamics of nicotine addiction was conveyed with 110 pregnant women aged 18 to 41 years. With the usage of the carbon monoxide detector PiCOSimple Smokerlyzer the concentration of carboxyhemoglobin (COHb, ppm) in the blood of women and their partners was measured. Results. The unfavorable social situation of the majority of women who smoke and refused from smoking in the first trimester is found out. The average length of the bad habit for pregnant women amounted to 10,37±1,18 years, and under the influence of consulting women decreased the average number of cigarettes smoked and delayed the time of starting smoking in the morning. Smoking cessation of pregnant women with 8,21±1,03 years experience took about 8 weeks. Conclusion. Consulting on methods of reducing the number of cigarettes and frequency of smoking leads to reduction
of prenatal exposure of smoking.

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Economic priorities of simultaneous operations of elderly and senile bph patients

From 1995 till 2014, 1296 elderly patients with BPH were operated at the urology department of the Samara Regional Clinical Hospital for War Veterans. Among them, 198 (15.4%) patients underwent simultaneous operations. These operations included vesical prostatectomy or transurethral resection of the prostate combined with the other
urological or surgical pathology. The analysis of the economic effects of conducting simultaneous operations was carried out taking into account the cost of health services in the CHI system of the Samara Region as of February 1, 2014. As a result, the conditional economic effect amounted to 15 839 405 rubles, which is 2,3 times less than in separate operating.

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The use of sesame seeds meal for broiler chickens breeding

The article presents research of changes in biochemical composition of broiler chickens blood serum on the background of the sesame seeds meal. The experiment was conducted with 100 broiler chickens of 5-day age divided into 2 equal groups. One group was intact, and the experimental group received a dose of 10 mg/100 gm of sesame seeds
meal as part of standard diet during 35 days. On day 40 of the experiment chicken blood was taken from the underwing vein to determine the concentration of total protein and its fractions, β-lipoprotein, cholesterol, AST, ALT, glucose, PVA, calcium and phosphorus.
It was found that prolonged strain of the sesame seeds meal promotes a significant increase of concentration in the serum of total protein by 13,3 %, the number of α-globulin by 15,5 % and γ-globulins by 33,9 %, reduces the amount of β-globulin by 19,4 %, the concentration of β-lipoproteins by 34,64 % and STC by 30,07 %, increases the concentration of cholesterol by 54,17 %, AST – by 13,16 %, AST – by 27,47 %, calcium – by 61,77 % and phosphorus – by 15,22 %

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Physiological substantiation of rh-compatible blood transfusion

The article describes the transfusion properties of Rhesus group blood system. The key reasons for Rhincompatibility of a donor and recipient are disclosed. In this regard the detailed description of Rhesus system genes (RHD and RHCE) and biochemical structure of the Rh antigens is given. The factors causing Rh-sensibilization during
transfusion of red blood cells are given. The focus is on the discussion of the accuracy of the usage of terms defining Rhesus affiliation. The authors suggest possibility (or necessity) of rejection from the terms «Rh-positive» and «Rhnegative » blood because all the system’sRh antigens can cause the formation of anti-Rh antibodies and initiate discussion of the question.

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