All Posts in Category: Medical Herald №016-2014

Status of the rats litter during intrauterine period after potassium humate administration

The article describes reactive changes in rats’ reproductive system as a result of potassium humate effect. The experiment involved 80 male and 32 female rats of one month of birth weighing 190–210 g. The animals were equally divided into 8 groups and received solution of potassium humate according to the group affiliation. Solution was preparedon distilled water and was administered to animals intragastrically on a daily basis in accordance with the group affiliation and timing at a dose of 10 mg / 100 g body weight, 1 ml. The control animals received 1 ml of distilled water. The animals were daily monitored. The following parameters were assessed depending on the duration of potassium humate intake: embryonic (pre- and post-implantation) mortality; backwardness in a form of decreased body weight and cranio-caudal sizes of fetuses. The experiment revealed that potassium humate administration before implantation and in the early stages of pregnancy causes increasing of corpora lutea and implantation sites number, so it increases insemination’s effectiveness, number of the pups in a litter, cranio-caudal sizes of fetuses, as well as average placenta weight and fetuses survival rate.

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Concerning the profession-oriented language proficiency of medical specialists (with the reference to “russian language and culture of speech” course)

The article focuses on the professiona-oriented language training of undergraduate medical specialists. Particular emphasis is placed on determining the course “Russian language and culture of speech” as a tool for the formation of a new type of a skilled practitioner. Examples of professiona-oriented speech tasks are provided herein.

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Methodological grounds of studying of the nursing staff as a professional group

The article is devoted to methodological aspects of studying of the nursing staff as a professional group. The author proves the necessity to involve an extensional sociological approach as a methodological tool which allows to describe mid-level medical professions as a special level of professional space of the medical science, to reveal their content
relationships and differences with other medical professions. As a result, the extensional approach provides a description of the dynamics of social and professional skills of the nursing staff, which in the modern context become an active social agent as the professional group that solves the problems of a patient on the most frequent basis.

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Use of computer-assisted biological control methods in the treatment of stress-related diseases

Computer-assisted biological control methods are based on a principle of biofeedback (BFB). They allow to diagnose behavioural patterns which lead to the development of psychosomatic disorders. BFB is aimed at teaching new constructive ways of behaviour and skills to manage your emotions as well as at increasing the level of stress resistance. The use of the BFB methods shows high effectiveness in a combined therapy of stress-related diseases.

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Prostate cancer screening based on multivariant analysis

This research describes a retrospective comparative analysis of risk factors for prostate cancer in 122 men. The following indicators were analyzed: age, weight, harmful habits, testosterone level, prostate-specific antigen level (PSA), comorbidities, blood group, Rh factor, digital rectal examination, the results of the prostate ultrasonography.
Using statistical analysis, we discovered correlation relationships between risk factors complex and precision of differential diagnosis of prostate cancer and benign prostatic hyperplasia. The most informative signs among all are inflammatory diseases of the kidneys and bladder, increase in blood PSA level, blood group, overweight of a patient.

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Evaluation of medical students’ functional state with the method of auricular diagnostics

The examination of medical students’ functional state during physical activity was conducted, using the “Bioreper” method which is based on the current measurement at the points of ear auricle relating to the peripheral presentation of the human body organs and systems. The most significant changes were observed at the points, reflecting the
functional state of cardiovascular system, nervous system and liver.

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Clinical practice of the dynamic orchiscintigraphy use for diagnosis and treatment of idiopathic male infertility

Idiopathic infertility requires an integrated, advanced diagnostics using radionuclide method of examination – dynamical orchiscintigraphy. The dynamic orchiscintigraphy showed intra-testicular disorders in 94,7 % of patients: the impaired venous drainage (28 %), disorders of arterial blood flow (35 %), the decrease of functioning testicular tissue (12,2 %). A more keen understanding of pathospermia pathogenesis helps to choose the rational therapy for patients with male infertility, allows to achieve a result, the improvement of spermogram by 25–30 %.

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Statistical study of the “goiter” problem and thyroid cancer

The article represents a retrospective analysis of medical records data and analysis of statistical results on the incidence of thyroid surgical pathologies. As a consequence it has been discovered, that thyroid diseases require an integrated approach, where operative part should be of key importance. All patients with Graves-Basedow disease, disease recurrences, non-effective medication during 6 months from the beginning of conservation treatment should be considered for operation. Curative surgical treatment (thyroidectomy) should be used in patients with Hashimoto’s thyroiditis.

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Application of electromyography to control exposure bo-tulinotoksinov on mimic and masticatory muscles

The article presents a review of literature on the application of botulinum toxin type A in cosmetology, taking into account the timing and nature of the emerging changes in the facial muscles, as well as reparative mechanisms, processes. The study addresses the need for an objective assessment of morphological and functional results of manipulation in the daily practice of a cosmetologist, aimed at further improving the quality of care.

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