All Posts in Category: Medical Herald №010-2013

BASIS FOR TEACHING GERONTOLOGY AT THE MEDICAL INSTITUTE «REAVIZ»

The article represents the historical roots of gerontological research area at the medical institute «REAVIZ» and describes the conditions of teaching gerontology. Initially gerontological researches
in Samara (Kuibyshev) were started by works of ophthalmologist professor T.I. Yeroshevsky, hematologist professor V.A. Germanova, pathologist professor M.V.Uglovoy and their students. Internal
medicine department’s staff ofMI «REAVIZ» belongs to Samara therapeutic school of professors Germanovi. Itis a branch of Botkin’s school in Samara, because professor V. Beyer was a teacher ofA.I. GermanovandS.P. Botkin’s third-generation student. It is known that S.P. Botkinwas interested in gerontology issues, whereas hematology is one of the scientific problems of the department
since S.P. Botkin to the present days.

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Intraoperative diagnostics of prostatic residual lobesin patients with large-sized benign prostatic hyperplasiadurung electrosurgery (tur)

Intraoperative transrectal ultrasound of the 15 patients with large-sized benign prostatic hyperplasia (85 cm3 and above) was performed during transurethral prostatic resection. This paper represents
the detailed analysis of irritative symptoms refractory to conservative treatment after TUR. It describes a technique of intraoperative transrectal ultrasound and reviews the advantages of  ostoperativecourse
in patients, whose final stage of the operation took place under ultrasound guidance. Intraoperative ultrasound quality control of TUR is recommended for patients with large-sized BPH.

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Detectionof hbeagin patients with chronic viral hepatitis b. metabolic rate features

DNA of viral hepatitis B was observed with the same frequency in men as well as in women. It was found a correlation between presence of HBsAg and detection of hepatitis B virus DNA. The same correlation with HBeAg wasn’t determined. HBeAg is more often observed in women. It is an independent factor leading to increased activity of alanine aminotransferase, asparagine aminotransferase,
concentration of thymol test and beta-lipoproteids.

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The evaluation method of dental tissue destructionlevel of tooth crown (eureka)

The paper represents a new evaluation method ofteeth crowns destruction. This method’sapplication allows proving the recovering method of the tooth crown’s altered tissues (fillings, inlays, crowns, inlay cores and crowns) due to the level of destruction. It increases the efficiency of dental tissue defects’ correction and reduces the probability of complications.

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Photodynamic therapy in combination treatment and rehabilitation of patients with acute deep vein thrombosis of lower limbs

The paper describes the impact of photodynamic therapy (PDT) on the dynamics of reparative processes in the altered vessel wall. It is identified that the use of photodynamic therapy in combination
treatment of acute venous thrombosis of lower limbs can be considered as a promising direction that reduces venous thromboembolic complications and reduces the degree of chronic venous
insufficiency and disability of patients, reduces the recanalizationtime ofthe veinthrombosed area and speeds up rehabilitation. That is significantly improves the patients’ quality of life.

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Surgical approaches in patients with spleen injuries by taking into account altered immune status

Immune status was studied in patients after various operations on injured spleen in the immediate postoperative period depending on the kind of operation performed. It was found that patients
after various operations on the injured spleen in the immediate postoperative period had changes in the immune status. The identified changes are more significant in patients after splenectomyin contrast
with conservative surgery and autolientransplantation.

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